Forest cover is approximately 33.4% of Tanzania, with an average of 1.1% lost each year through deforestation and degradation. Agricultural expansion, commercial logging and rising energy needs are the main drivers. Tanzania has developed a National REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan to address these increasing pressures on its Forests. This strategy was officially launched in March 2013.
Tanzania is also finalizing the establishment of a National REDD Fund and a National Carbon Monitoring Center which provide long term monitoring and coordinate financing for REDD+ activities in the country. The REDD Fund will be similar to the Tanzania Forest Fund which supports sustainable conservation and management of forest resources. The government is also currently finalizing a Social and Environment Safeguard mechanism based on internationally agreed principles and guidance. The REDD+ Readiness process in Tanzania is led by the National REDD Task Force with facilitation from the National REDD Secretariat.
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Tanzania's REDD+ financing landscape is set out below:
Donor governments account for 95% of all REDD+ finance flowing to Tanzania between 2009 and 2012. Over 91% of this donor government finance is flowing to other donor government agencies as the first recipients. In general, donor governments are not recipients of international REDD+ finance. However in some instances, specific donor government agencies receive funds from another agency within their own government. Flows of finance from a donor government to another donor government might take place where development aid or climate finance is disbursed from one centralized department within a government with projects/activities implemented by other government agencies. In this case, the Government of Norway is directing 95% of REDD+ finance commitments through the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Tanzania.
Donor governments are also channeling 4.5% of their funds to multilateral implementing agents and an additional 4.5% to the Government of Tanzania.
Multilateral commitments account for 4.5% of the total US$93.5 million with all finance directed through multilateral implementing agents (United Nations Development Programme -UNDP). Private foundations account for 0.5% of the total funding and are exclusively financing international NGOs/Academia.
This snapshot of REDD+ financing in Tanzania shows that donor government agencies are primary contributors, with a vast majority of these funds committed by the Government of Norway. The Government of Norway has committed US$84.4 million, with 95% of this directed through the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Tanzania to a range of international NGOs/Academic institutions, local, Tanzanian NGOs/Academic institutions and the Government of Tanzania.
Over 25% of Norwegian funding directed through the Royal Norwegian Embassy of Tanzania has been committed to the Sokoine University of Agriculture for research focusing on natural resource management and climate mitigation/adaptation strategies. Other government or public sector institutions scheduled to receive REDD+ funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy include the Institute of Resources Assessment (IRA), Olmotonyi Forest Training Institute (OFTI) and the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous government of Tanzania.
International NGOs/Academic institutions including Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), CARE international, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) and the Jane Goodall Institute are also scheduled to receive 20% of the Royal Norwegian Embassy funding (US$15.9 million).
Local Tanzanian NGOs/Academic institutions feature exclusively as second recipients. Together the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), Mpingo Conservation and Development Initiative (MCDI), Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization (TaTEDO) and Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania (WCST) are also receiving 20% of the Royal Norwegian Embassy funding (US$15.9 million).
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism of United Republic of Tanzania (MNRT) is both a first and second recipient, receiving US$4.2 million directly from the Government of Finland and an additional US$4.9 million from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Clinton Foundation’s Clinton Climate Initiative.
Total cumulative commitments reached US$85.1 million in 2009 and increased by roughly 10% in 2010, reaching US$93.5 million. These large commitments in 2009 and 2010 reflect multi-year grants which are on-going. Total cumulative REDD+ financial commitments to Tanzania reached a plateau in 2010 with no additional commitments tracked in 2011 and 2012. Disbursements in contrast continued to flow at a steady rate totaling US$11.4 million in 2009 (or 13% of commitments) and increasing to US$46.5 million (or 50% of total commitments) by the end of 2012.
All data presented in this chart was collected in-country through a local consultant. For more information on our methodology, please visit our FAQs page.