Resources: Country Reports

COLOMBIA: Seguimiento a la Financiación de REDD+ 2009-2012

COLOMBIA: Seguimiento a la Financiación de REDD+ 2009-2012

Colombia es uno de los países con mayor biodiversidad en el mundo, donde el 53% de su territorio se encuentra cubierto por bosques tropicales, los cuales constituyen un 6.42% de la oferta total de cobertura boscosa tropical para Suramérica tropical y el 1.5% de los bosques del mundo. Sin embargo, las diferentes dinámicas de desarrollo poblacional y de tenencia de la tierra han originado un sinnúmero de procesos de transformación, reemplazo y fragmentación de los ecosistemas naturales del país, especialmente de sus bosques. Es por esto que el Gobierno Nacional, en cabeza del Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (MADS), ha identificado a las actividades de REDD+ como una importante estrategia frente a la deforestación y el mantenimiento de la cobertura forestal de la nación y su biodiversidad. La Fundación Natura y Forest Trends, en el marco del proyecto REDDX, han realizado el seguimiento a la financiación de REDD+ en Colombia para el periodo 2009-2012, identificando los principales actores relevantes (públicos y privados) que financian y ejecutan estas actividades en el país, encontrando que para este periodo se comprometieron $33.3 millones USD, de los cuales se han desembolsado $15.2 millones USD.
Colombia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, where 53% of its territory is covered by tropical forests, which constitute 6.42% of the total supply of tropical forest cover for tropical South America and 1.5% of world's forests. However, population development and land tenure dynamics have led to a number of transformation processes, causing fragmentation of natural ecosystems in the country, especially within forests. The Colombian Government, through the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) has identified REDD+ as an important strategy against deforestation and maintaining forest cover of the nation and its biodiversity. Under Forest Trends’ REDDX initiative, Fundación Natura has tracked REDD+ finance flowing to Colombia during the period of 2009-2012, identifying the main public and private stakeholders and implementing activities. Preliminary data shows that US$33.3 million has been committed to the country since 2009, with US$15.2 million disbursed.
[thumbnail]

Ecuador: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

The Republic of Ecuador is home to some of the most biologically diverse tropical forest ecosystems in the world and has approximately 10 million hectares of native forest remaining. These forests continue to be under significant threat from the expansion of the agricultural frontier, road infrastructure, and mining. EcoDecisión in coordination with the Ministry of Environment in Ecuador and Forest Trends has tracked public and private commitments and disbursements for REDD+ in Ecuador as part of REDDX. This report highlights that more than US$38 million has been committed for REDD+ in Ecuador since 2009 with US$15.8 million disbursed.
ETHIOPIA Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Ethiopia: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Ethiopia's natural resources are the foundation of Ethiopian economic development, ensuring food security and providing basic necessities to its growing population. Over the past three decades, however, Ethiopia has lost a significant amount forest cover due to deforestation. With expansion of agriculture, settlements, and wild fires, the rate of deforestation remains quite high. Although REDD+ institutional arrangements are still in the early stages of development within Ethiopia, donors have committed US$20 million to the country. In this report, REDDX in-country partner, Environment and Coffee Forest Forum (ECFF), collaborated with Ministry of Environment and Forest (formerly the EPA) to explore Ethiopia's REDD+ financial commitments between 2009 and 2012.
[thumbnail]

Ghana: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Ghana is home to approximately 4,940,000 hectares of bio-diverse, carbon-rich forest. However, Ghana’s forested lands are increasingly experiencing pressure from agriculture and mining sectors, fuel wood and charcoal production, and urban expansion. The Ghanaian national government entered the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility in 2009, with the hopes of minimizing deforestation while also promoting sustainable long-term development. The Nature Conservation Research Centre, a REDDX in-country partner, in collaboration with the Forestry Commission of Ghana, tracked REDD+ financing flowing into the country between 2009 and 2012. This report examines the US$105.6 million in REDD+ commitments recorded thus far.
[thumbnail]

Liberia: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Liberia contains 4.3 million hectares of lowland tropical forest; however, these forests are under threat from the encroachment of agriculture and mining activities, and illegal and uncontrolled logging due to weak management and forest sector policies. In order to combat both forest loss and climate change, the national government of Liberia is developing a national strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and degradation. In this report, the REDDX in-country partner, Skills and Agricultural Development Services collaborated with Liberia’s Forestry Development Authority and the Environmental Protection Agency explore how the US$9.5 million committed for Liberia’s REDD+ process between 2009 and 2012 has been used.
[thumbnail]

MÉXICO: Seguimiento del Financiamiento para REDD+ 2009-2012

México cuenta con 64.8 millones de hectáreas de bosques y selvas, aproximadamente un tercio de la superficie total del país.En México, REDD+ es sinónimo de desarrollo rural sustentable, un enfoque que permite alinear los incentivos del sector forestal con los de otros sectores que inciden en el mismo territorio (e.g. agropecuario, turismo).Actualmente, la Estrategia Nacional REDD+ (ENAREDD+) se sometea revisión y consulta durante 2014. Además, se desarrolla un robusto sistema nacional de monitoreo, reporte y verificación y se realizan acciones tempranas en los Estados de Campeche, Jalisco, Chiapas, Quintana Roo y Yucatán.El Centro Mario Molina, en coordinación con la Comisión Nacional Forestal (CONAFOR) y Forest Trends, ha rastreado los compromisos y transferencias de REDD+ en México,como parte del proyecto REDDX. Este reporte destaca que más de $773 millones USD han sido comprometidos desde el año 2009, de los cuales 6% han sido transferidos a los primeros beneficiarios. Una proporción significativa del financiamiento total para REDD+ (43%) proviene del presupuesto federal.
Mexico is home to 64.8 million hectares of forest, which covers approximately one-third of the country’s total land area. In Mexico, REDD+ represents sustainable rural development, a territorial approach that makes the incentives of forestry compatible with other relevant sectors (e.g. agriculture, tourism). Currently the Mexico National REDD + Strategy (ENAREDD+) is undergoing consultation and review processes throughout the duration of 2014. In addition, a robust MRV system is being developed and REDD+early actions are performed in the States of Campeche, Jalisco, Chiapas, Quintana Roo and Yucatan. Centro Mario Molina, in coordination with the National Forestry Commission of Mexico (CONAFOR) and Forest Trends, has tracked REDD+ commitments and disbursements in Mexico as part of REDDX. This report highlights that more than US$773 million has been committed since 2009, with 6% of funds disbursed to date. A significant proportion (43%) of the total funding for REDD+ in Mexico comes from the nation's Federal budget.
[thumbnail]

Tanzania: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Tanzania hosts over 33 million hectares of forests with diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity. These forests are under threat from subsistence agriculture, increasing energy needs, timber extraction and overgrazing, among others. Tanzania has committed to addressing these increasing pressures and published a National REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan in March 2013. REDDX in-country partner, Erneus Kaijage in collaboration with the Vice President’s Office of Tanzania examine the US$93.5 million in REDD+ commitments recorded between 2009 and 2012. This report also highlights emerging challenges in implementing REDD+ long term in countries like Tanzania who have not seen any new financial commitments for REDD+ since 2010.
[thumbnail]

VIETNAM: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Forest cover in Vietnam is estimated at 13.8 million hectares—a number which has increased significantly since the 1990s, due to a recent surge in reforestation efforts leading to increases in plantation forest. Despite this, extensive deforestation and degradation remain, particularly along the Central Highlands and Central Coast, and within the south of the country. Therefore, the government of Vietnam is currently working to lower regional deforestation rates through a number of multilateral agreements and national policies that support REDD+ activities. Forest Trends’ Vietnamese consultants, in close coordination with the Vietnam REDD+ Office (VRO) and the Vietnam Administration of Forestry (VNFOREST), tracked $US72.4 million in REDD+ commitments, of which US$14.9 million have been disbursed. This report discusses these commitments and other findings.