Forest cover is approximately 33.4% of Tanzania, with an average of 1.1% lost each year through deforestation and degradation. Agricultural expansion, commercial logging and rising energy needs are the main drivers. Tanzania has developed a National REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan to address these increasing pressures on its Forests. This strategy was officially launched in March 2013.
Tanzania is also finalizing the establishment of a National REDD Fund and a National Carbon Monitoring Center which provide long term monitoring and coordinate financing for REDD+ activities in the country. The REDD Fund will be similar to the Tanzania Forest Fund which supports sustainable conservation and management of forest resources. The government is also currently finalizing a Social and Environment Safeguard mechanism based on internationally agreed principles and guidance. The REDD+ Readiness process in Tanzania is led by the National REDD Task Force with facilitation from the National REDD Secretariat.
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Financing flows and institutions receiving funds committed for REDD+ activities in Tanzania:
The initial institutions or “first recipients” receiving funding for REDD+ activities in Tanzania are predominantly donor government agencies, namely the Royal Norwegian Embassy of Tanzania. In general, donor governments are not recipients of international REDD+ finance. However in some instances, specific donor government agencies receive funds from another agency within their own government. Flows of finance from a donor government to another donor government might take place where development aid or climate finance is disbursed from one centralized department within a government with projects/activities implemented by other government agencies.
Multilateral implementing agent (the United Nations Development Programme-UNDP) is receiving 9% of the total commitments and the Government of Tanzania is scheduled to receive around 4.5% or US$4.2 directly from donors.
Secondary institutions or “second recipients” receiving REDD+ finance are also displayed in the chart. During the period from 2009 to 2012, around 77% of the total committed funds were passed onto second recipients. Multilateral implementing agents and international NGOs/Academic institutions are scheduled to pass on 100% of the funding they receive from donors. Donor government agencies, namely the Royal Norwegian Embassy of Tanzania, are currently scheduled to pass on 88% of the commitments made by the Government of Norway.
International NGOs/Academic institutions and local, Tanzanian NGOs/Academic institutions are both receiving about 22% of the US$71.8 million passed on to second recipients. The Government of Tanzania is scheduled to receive around 66% of the total funding flowing to second recipients.
Low percentage transfers of funding from first to second recipients should not be seen as a failure to implement REDD+ activities in Tanzania as recipients may commit funding directly to local communities or households for payments for environmental services or implement the activities directly themselves instead of passing funding to other organizations. A clearer picture will emerge as additional REDDX data collection continues.
An annual breakdown of funding committed to first recipients shows that the majority of funding (91%) was committed in 2009. Of this US$ 85.1 million, 94% was committed to donor government agencies, 5% to multilateral implementing agents and only 1% to international NGOs/Academic institutions.
In 2010, 50% of commitments were directed to multilateral implementing agents and 50% to the Government of Tanzania.
All data presented in this chart was collected in-country through a local consultant. For more information on our methodology, please visit our FAQs page.