The island of New Guinea, divided between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea (PNG), contains the third largest tract of tropical rainforest on the planet, smaller only than the Amazon and Congo Basins. Papua New Guinea’s forests cover 28-30 million hectares, or approximately 65% of the country’s total surface area. The country’s current national deforestation rate is estimated to be around 1.5%. This combination of extensive but threatened forests makes PNG a high international priority country for forest conservation and REDD+ development activities.
Papua New Guinea was among the earliest global advocates for REDD+, having joined with Costa Rica at the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP11) in proposing the concept of a REDD+ mechanism for inclusion within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Government of PNG committed in 2010 to reduce its GHG emissions by 30% by 2030, and intends to achieve these reductions primarily from changes in land use and forest management. PNG has made significant progress in national level REDD+ policy development, proceeding in 2011 beyond the development phase to the implementation phase of the UN-REDD Programme.
Main donors, levels of funding committed and disbursed to PNG between 2009 and 2012:
The chart illustrates REDD+ funding commitments and disbursements for all donors to PNG as of 2012. The majority of donors have not disbursed any funds. The UN-REDD Programme has disbursed less than 4% of its total commitment, while the Government of Australia is the exception, having disbursed 36% of its committed funds.
The map above shows the geographic distribution of donors and donor governments having provided REDD+ funding commitments to PNG as of 2012. As an international multilateral donor, the UN-REDD Programme is not linked to a specific geographic location and is therefore shown in the purple circle.
Donors are well distributed geographically, representing four continents and an international institution. UN-REDD and the Governments of Japan, Germany, and Australia are the largest donors, having each made commitments between US$5 million and US$8 million. The Norwegian Government and the U.S.-based Skoll foundation each made smaller commitments.