Mexico is home to 64.8 million hectares of forest, which covers approximately one-third of the country’s total land area. Though the Mexico’s overall deforestation rate is low, forest degradation remains high within rural states, where forests are susceptible to land conversion due to agricultural expansion. Additional drivers of deforestation include mining, tourism, and urbanization.
In 2010, the Mexican government presented its Vision for REDD+ (Visión de México sobre REDD+: Hacia una Estrategia Nacional) at the 16th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC (COP16) in Cancun. The country then went on to develop its National REDD+ Strategy (ENAREDD+), which is undergoing consultation and review processes throughout the duration of 2014.
Financing flows and institutions receiving funds committed for REDD+ activities in Mexico:
A majority of initial institutions or “first recipients” receiving funding for REDD+ activities in Mexico are predominantly based in country. Approximately 94% of the total funding committed has been allocated to the Mexican National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR), Additionally, Mexican NGOs and academia are scheduled to receive about 4%(approximately US$30.2 million) of REDD+ funding.
Secondary institutions or “second recipients” receiving REDD+ finance are also displayed in the chart. During the period from 2009 to 2012, approximately 96% of the total committed funds to government of Mexico were passed onto second recipients, including the ejidos and local communities and consultants. An additional 3.8% was spent by the government of Mexico on operational and administrative costs.
An annual breakdown highlights that there were minimal commitments of REDD+ finance to Mexico in both 2009 and 2010. Commitments increased slightly during 2011, and then dramatically in 2012. The multilateral implementing agent, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), was the primary recipient during 2011. This changed, however, in 2012 when the government of Mexico became the largest recipient, receiving approximately 97% of the funds committed in that year.
The data presented below highlights levels of REDD+ financing committed and disbursed, main donors, recipients and REDD+ activities in the period between 2009 and 2012