Indonesia’s forests comprises 131 million hectares, or approximately 60% of the country’s overall land area, making it the third largest area of tropical rainforest in the world after the Amazon and Africa’s the Congo Basin. Spread over more than 18,000 islands, the country’s rainforests contain high levels of endemic specifies. Despite its reputation as a global biodiversity hotspot, the country is also known as one of top three greenhouse gas emitters worldwide, with 37% of emissions due to deforestation. This combination has made Indonesia a high international priority country for forest conservation and REDD+ development activities.
In recent years, the Government of Indonesia has taken steps to curb deforestation and climate change. The national REDD+ taskforce was appointed in 2011 and helped to launch the National Strategy in 2012. National strategy implementation is currently supported by both the UN-REDD Programme and the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).
Indonesia’s REDD+ financing landscape is set out below:
A variety of donors have provided a substantial amount of funding to Indonesia to support REDD+ activities. Donor governments have directed contributions to all types of recipients; however, the largest of these contributions were delivered via bilateral arrangements with the Government of Indonesia. Other key donors include multilateral institutions, supranational institutions such as the European Union (EU), as well as private foundations.
Recipients represent a multitude of sectors, including some relatively uncommon beneficiaries, such as private sector companies, community-based organizations, and a consortium of NGOs and Indonesian governmental agencies.
REDD+ commitments increased incrementally between 2009 and 2012, reaching approximately US$2.4 billion by the end of 2012. Disbursement rates of REDD+ funds to Indonesia increased during this period as well, but relatively remained low, ranging from 1% to 4% of total commitments.
The data presented below highlights levels of REDD+ financing committed and disbursed, main donors, recipients and REDD+ activities in the period between 2009 and