Map of Ecuador Ecuador

Total REDD+ Finance Committed:

$38,390,672

Total REDD+ Finance Disbursed:

$15,845,567

According to Ecuador’s Ministry of Environment, the national deforestation rate from 2008 to 2012 was approximately 0.6%, or an average of 74,400 hectares per year. The country has prioritized lowering its deforestation rate through a number of national policies. Ecuador’s Ministry of the Environment launched the Socio Bosque Program in 2008 to incentivize the protection of forests, and in 2009, the country’s Plan for Good Living set a national goal to reduce deforestation by 30% by 2013. Ecuador has seen support for its initiatives from the UN-REDD Programme – after Ecuador became a beneficiary country in 2011 – and other international, multilateral and bilateral commitments.

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Overview: REDD+ finance flowing to Ecuador

Ecuador’s REDD+ financing landscape is set out below.

Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2012

 

Funds committed and disbursed for REDD+ activities in Ecuador through 2012

 

Cumulative commitments and disbursements, 2009-2012

 
   
  • Flows of REDD+ finance between donors and recipients, 2009-2012

    Donor government agencies account for 87% of all REDD+ financing flowing to Ecuador between 2009 and 2012. This funding is going to a variety of recipients; however over half, or 53%, of these financial flows represent bilateral agreements with the Ecuadorian government. A portion of these funds also represent donor government to donor government transactions, including in-kind technical assistance from the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) to support different components of the GESOREN project and from USAID for MRV research and pilot demonstrations.

    In general, donor governments are not recipients of international REDD+ finance. However in some instances, specific donor government agencies receive funds from another agency within their own government. Flows of finance from a donor government to a donor government might take place where development aid or climate finance is disbursed from one centralized department within a government with projects/activities implemented by other government agencies. For example in 2010, GIZ committed US $5.7 million for its Ecuadorian office to implement components of the GESOREN project. An additional example can be seen in 2011 when USAID committed us $1.6 million to the US Forestry Service to provide in-kind technical service and carry out pilot projects.

    REDD+ financial flows from multilateral institutions to multilateral implementing agents represent 10% of total funds committed. Funding from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is part of a regional program spanning five countries, namely Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. For the purpose of tracking finance in Ecuador under this initiative, the total amount provided by IDB to the five countries was divided equally by five to represent an amount that approximates the support Ecuador is receiving from the donor. The recipient of this funding, COICA, has provided US$41,400 of co-financing, in the form of technical support and is listed as a separate flow of finance, the only commitment from an international NGO/Academic institution.

  • Funds committed and disbursed for REDD+ activities in Ecuador through 2012

    An overview of the REDD+ financing landscape in Ecuador highlights that a large proportion of funds (66% of total REDD+ funding) has been committed by the German development bank, KfW and the German Agency for International Cooperation, or GIZ. The Government of Ecuador, more specifically the Ministry of Environment (MAE) and National Environmental Fund (FAN) are scheduled to receive a large majority of the KfW funding committed to Ecuador. GIZ funding is being directed to the agency’s in-country offices to implement REDD+ components of the GESOREN project.

    The United States International Development Agency (USAID) accounts for approximately 16% of the total commitments to Ecuador, with funding flowing primarily to two international NGOs, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and Rainforest Alliance (RA).

    In general, donor governments are not recipients of international REDD+ finance. However in some instances, specific donor government agencies receive funds from another agency within their own government. Flows of finance from a donor government to a donor government might take place where development aid or climate finance is disbursed from one centralized department within a government with projects/activities implemented by other government agencies. For example in 2010, GIZ committed US $5.7 million for its Ecuadorian office to implement components of the GESOREN project. An additional example can be seen in 2011 when USAID committed us $1.6 million to the US Forestry Service to provide in-kind technical service and carry out pilot projects.

    During the 2009 to 2012 period, multilateral institutions committed US$4,152,097, or approximately 11% of the total committed funds. The UN-REDD Programme will disburse commitments to in-country implementing agents, including the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Funding from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is part of a regional program spanning five countries, namely Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. For the purpose of tracking finance in Ecuador under this initiative, the total amount provided by IDB to the five countries was divided equally by five to represent an amount that approximates the support Ecuador is receiving from the donor. The recipient of this funding, COICA, has provided US$41,400 of co-financing, in the form of technical support and thus is listed as separate donor.

    Currently, Ecuadorian NGOs and Academia are only receiving funds as “second recipients”. These second recipients are the in-country organizations of large International NGOs including Conservation International (CI) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

  • Cumulative commitments and disbursements, 2009-2012

    Both commitments and disbursements to Ecuador have increased over the four-year period from 2009 to 2012. The country saw a dramatic 188% increase in commitments during 2011. From 2011 to 2012, new commitments were minimal, increasing only 7.3% from US $35.8 million to US $38.4 million. However, disbursements increased by 295% between 2011 and 2012. A majority of this US $11.8 million increase was distributed by the German development bank, KfW and the UN-REDD Programme for REDD+ Readiness activities in Ecuador.

Data Source: Ecuador

All data presented in this chart was collected in-country through our national partner, Ecodecision, and compiled by Forest Trends. For more information on our methodology, please visit our FAQs page.