Indonesia’s forests comprises 131 million hectares, or approximately 60% of the country’s overall land area, making it the third largest area of tropical rainforest in the world after the Amazon and Africa’s the Congo Basin. Spread over more than 18,000 islands, the country’s rainforests contain high levels of endemic specifies. Despite its reputation as a global biodiversity hotspot, the country is also known as one of top three greenhouse gas emitters worldwide, with 37% of emissions due to deforestation. This combination has made Indonesia a high international priority country for forest conservation and REDD+ development activities.
In recent years, the Government of Indonesia has taken steps to curb deforestation and climate change. The national REDD+ taskforce was appointed in 2011 and helped to launch the National Strategy in 2012. National strategy implementation is currently supported by both the UN-REDD Programme and the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).
Main donors, levels of funding committed and disbursed to Indonesia between 2009 and 2011:
The chart illustrates REDD+ funding commitments and disbursements for all donors to Indonesia as of 2012. Several of donors have yet to disburse any funds. However, donor government agencies, such as the Netherlands, KfW, and AusAID, have all disbursed more than 50% of their total commitments.
The map above shows the geographic distribution of donors and donor governments having provided REDD+ funding commitments to Indonesia as of 2012. As international multilateral institutions, the GEF, ITTO, UN-REDD Programme, and World Bank’s FIP are not linked to a specific geographic location and are therefore shown in the purple circle. Also included in this circle are two separate donor consortiums consisting of multilateral finance institutions, donor governments, and international NGOs.
Donors are well distributed geographically, representing four continents, with major donations coming from both France and Japan.
The data presented below highlights levels of REDD+ financing committed and disbursed, main donors, recipients and REDD+ activities in the period between 2009 and