Map of Ecuador Ecuador

Total REDD+ Finance Committed:

$ 22,204,686

Total REDD+ Finance Disbursed:


Ecuador is considered one of the world’s mega-diverse countries, with more species and endemics per unit area than its much larger South American neighbors. Approximately 10 million hectares of native forest remain, with the Amazon region containing the majority (~80%) of the country’s forest cover. Highly diverse dry and humid forest areas are also found in the montane region and Pacific coastal forests. However, according to Ecuador’s Ministry of Environment, the national deforestation rate from 2008 to 2012 was approximately 0.6%, or an average of 74,400 hectares per year. Therefore the country has prioritized lowering its deforestation rate through a number of national policies. In 2009, Ecuador was officially accepted as a UN-REDD Programme observer country and became a beneficiary of the National Joint Program (NJP) in March 2011.

Socio Bosque Program

Ecuador’s Socio Bosque Programme (SBP), initiated by the Ministry of Environment (MAE) in 2008, is a cornerstone of the country’s forest conservation program. The SBP is not currently considered as part of the national REDD+ strategy by the MAE. However, it is important to emphasize that the SBP objectives are complementary to REDD+ in terms of national priorities for conservation of native ecosystems and reducing deforestation. Additionally, the Ministry of Environment has indicated that the SBP may be used as a vehicle for the distribution of REDD+ benefits in the future.

The majority of funding for SBP has come from the national government with domestic public funds, totaling approximately $32.2 million between 2009 and 2013. Finance committed to the SBP from international sources is set out in the overview below:

Cumulative commitments and disbursements to the SBP, 2009-2013


Commitments to beneficiaries of the SBP by type of institution

  • Cumulative commitments and disbursements to the SBP, 2009-2013

    Chart Description

    International commitments to the SBP began in 2011 and increased steadily through 2013, before reaching US$20.1 million. According to the data, no disbursements were made during 2011, and $7.2 million and $1.4 million were disbursed in 2012 and 2013, respectively.

    Relevant Frequently Asked Questions

  • Commitments to beneficiaries of the SBP by type of institution

    Chart Description

    International finance, particularly the Government of Germany, has contributed significantly to the strengthening of the SBP. KfW has committed US$19.0 million to the program, under the project entitled Protection of Forests and REDD. Over US$11 million of these KfW funds have been allocated to the National Environmental Fund (FAN) for incentive payments to SBP beneficiaries. In 2013, FAN disbursed US$1.3 million in incentive to thirty-five communities. Of these, twelve communities received US$225,300 in long-term incentives, and twenty-three communities received US$1.1 million in short-term incentives.

    Conservation International’s Global Climate Fund (GCF) also committed US$1.1 million in funding to FAN to support monitoring and technical coordination. 


    Relevant Frequently Asked Questions